THE NORTHERN CIRCUIT
MOUNT KILIMANJARO (5,895m)
“As wide as all the world, great high and unbelievable white in the sun, was the square top of mount Kilimanjaro” so wrote Ernest Hemingway (The snow of Kilimanjaro). At an altitude of 5,895 meters above sea level, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, the highest free standing mountain in the world and one of the largest volcanoes ever to burst through the earth crust. The base of this immense mountain measures 50 x 80km and the outstanding features are its three major volcanic center: Shira in the west (4,260m) Mawenzi in the east (5,280m) and the snow capped Kibo in the middle (5,895m).
In the space of a few days, normally 3 days of climb and 2 days of decent, the climber can pass from the equator to arctic through tropical rain forest, moorland alpine desert to snow and ice. Any reasonable fit person can reach the summit of Kilimanjaro with the assistance of a guide and porters. The youngest to make it was eleven years old the oldest seventy four.
Apart from its dramatic geological features and the beautiful mountain vegetation, Mount Kilimanjaro is also notable for its birdlife, which is plentiful in the rich forest zone. Elephant, buffalo, eland, Abbott’s duiker, bush buck, baboon, blue as well as colombus monkey and even leopard can be seen. There is also a wide array of butterflies moths and other insects. The mountain can be climbed any time of the year although it is often wet in the rain forest during thee rainy season in April and May. The best period is from August to November.
At 4566m (14979) feet), Mt. Meru is the second highest mountain in Tanzania and the fifth highest in Africa although Kilimanjaro it’s famous neighbor, overshadows it; and frequently overlooked by trekkers in east Africa. But Meru is spectacular mountain, a classic volcanic cone, with its crater wall broken to create a gigantic horseshoe. It is well worth a visit (it is with in Arusha National Park). A trek to the summit involves some beautiful hiking through the grassland and hush forest on the mountain lower slopes, followed by a dramatic and exhilarating walk along the knife-edge rim of the creator horseshoe.
Like most of the mountains in this region Meru was formed by volcanic action associated with the reaction of the Great Rift Valley. Subsequent explosions broke the circular wall or the crater and more recent volcanic activity has created the ash cone that stands inside the crater. Small eruption have been reported in the last 100 years indicating that Meru is still not quite extinct.
The local Waarusha and Wameru people who live in the area regard the mountain as sacred. Every year a hull or sheep is sacrificed and offered to the mountain to ensure rain in the coming seasons.
ARUSHA NATIONAL PARK.
Described as a “little gem”, Arusha National Park consists three spectacular features – the Momella Lakes, Meru crater and the Ngurdoto crater. Altitude range from 1525 above sea level at Momella, to nearly 4575m at the Summit of Mount Meru. On clear days magnificent views of mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru can be seen from almost any part of the park. The park is famous for its profuse birdlife both migrant and resident and the handsome black and white colobus monkey “which inhabit the lush green forest of ancient cedar and podocarpus. Other animals commonly seen in the park are baboon, elephant, giraffe, buffalo, hippo, rhino, leopard, hyena, klipspringer warthog, bush pig, bohor reed buck, waterbuck, bushbuck, blue, red and “Sammy going south” were filmed in this enchanting wildlife sanctuary with a small area of about 137sq km, Situated online from Arusha, the park can be visited in a day.
LAKE MANYARA NATIONAL PARK
Nestling at the base of the Great Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Manyara National Park (9,322sqkm) is one of the most beautiful places in Africa. As you enter the gate, the park is dramatically marked off by lush green vegetation consisting of tall trees of the ground water forest, which provide home to troops of baboons and blue monkeys. Further down, the forest opens up into woodland grassland, swamps and beyond, the Soda Lake itself where over 350 special of birds including the lively flaming (lesser and greater) pelican, sacred ibis, grebe and stork can be viewed (The bird watcher’s paradise). At the southern end of the park hot sulphur springs (60 OC) called Majimoto can be found.
The most famous spectacle in the park are the tree-climbing lions which spend most of the day spread out along branches of acacia tree 6 or 7 meters above the ground. The park is also noted for its numerous buffalo, elephant, giraffe, impala, hippo and a great variety of smaller animals, which can be observed in the course of a single day. The park is only 130 km away from Arusha.
THE NGORONGORO CRATER
The Ngorongoro Crater standing at 2236 metres above sea level is the largest unbroken caldera in the world. Surrounded by very steep walls rising 610 meters from the Crater floor this natural amphitheatre measures about 16.19 miles across in diameter and has an area of 259sq.km. it is such a captivating and breathtaking phenomenon. “It is impossible to give a fair description of the crater” so wrote Professor Bernard Grzimek, “there is nothing with which to compare. It is one of the wonders of the world”.
On the floor of this Garden of Eden, which can be reached by a 4-wheel drive vehicle, roam hundreds of thousands of plains animals, elephants, buffalo, zebra, wildebeest, gazelle, rhino, velvet monkey and the ever hungry predators, including cheetah, hyenas and black manned lion can be observed at close quarters in their natural habitats. More than a hundred species of birds not found in the Serengeti have been spotted here. Ostriches, kori bustards, secretary birds, crested cranes, egrets, rebelled ox-peckers and the countless flamingos, which form a pink cover the soda lake, can be observed. Ngorongoro Crater is about 19 km from Arusha 60km from Lake Manyara and 145 km from Serengeti.
NGORONGORO CRATER HIGHLAND
You trekking in the Crater Highlands area can be done for several days, and will be restricted. Only by your own time and money. The crater Highlands is a range of extinct volcanoes that rise steeply from the side of the Great Rift Valley in Northern Tanzania.
The crater Highlands range is roundly oval in shape measuring about 80 km by 40km and is pinched at one end. The range rises steeply from the surrounding plains at about 1500 metres to heights of between 2500 metres and 3500 meters. Highlands are volcanic in origin, although the different peaks were created over many millions of years by a series of eruptions connected with the formation of thee Great Rift Valley. The older volcanoes have been eroded and most have collapsed to form the craters (more correctly known as calderas). At the southern end of the Crater Highlands are the oldest volcanoes, Oldeani and Lemagrut, with both summits at round 3100 metres. Northeast of this lies the Ngorongoro Crater.
To the north of Ngorongoro crater is the main part of the highlands; where the trekking can be done. Only a few kilometers away, the mountain of Olmoti rises to 100 metres on its western side, with a flat – topped peak (plateau), which can early be seen from Ngorongoro. This mountain also has a small crate.
To the east of Olmoti is Loolmalasin, the highest peak on the ranges, at 3648 metres, with its eastern side dropping steeply down to the plains near Engaruka. North of these 2 peaks Empakaai (also spelt Embagail, with a steep circular crates, half – filled by a lake.
In between the peaks of Olmoti, Loolmasalasin and Empakaai, the groung deeps to from large Embulbul Depression. At the northern end of the range is Kerimasi, one of the more recent volcanoes, rising to 2300 metres. Beyond this lies the crater Highlands northernmost mountain Oldoinyo Lengai (2878 metres).
MOUNT OLDOINYO LENGAI (2878M)
Being a classic volcanic cone steep sides rising to a small flat – topped peak. Oldoinyo Lengai was the last volcano of the Crater Highlands to be formed and is still active. The last big eruption was in the mid – 1960’s and the top of the mountain today you can see hot steam vents growing as – cones.
TARANGIRE NATIONAL PARK
Tarangire National Park, situated only 120 km, from Arusha and South East of Lake Manyara National Park is famous for its dense wildlife population, which is most spectacular between June and December. During this time of the year thousands of animals migrate from dry Maasai steppe to Tarangire River looking for water.
Among other species to be seen at Tarangire are rhino, buffalo, elephant, lion, warthog, eland, the fringed eared Oryx, lesser and greater kudu gerenuk and large numbers of impala. The national park is also famous for tree climbing pythons and abundant birdlife.
Between the great wildlife sanctuaries of Ngorongoro and Serengeti lies Olduvai Gorge – the Cradle Manking”. Under the direction of Dr. Leakey has yielded abundant fossil material dating back at least two million years and possibly much longer. The remains of prehistoric elephants, giant horned sheep and enormous ostriches have been unearthed in this Stone Age Site.
In 1959 the remains of the Nutcracker Man or “Zinjanthropus Boiser” whose skull was discovered here. Nearly is Laetdi, where the footprints of hominids (said to be over 3 million years old), were discovered by Mrs. Leakey in 1979. Around these sites of man’s origin teem millions of wild animals.
SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK
Serengeti National Park is undoubtedly the best-known wildlife sanctuary in the world, unequalled for its natural beauty and scientific value. Within its boundaries are more than million large mammals living in total freedom on the “endless plain” (as Serengeti means in Maasai language) scattered with rock outcrops, patches of acacia bush, forest and accasional small rivers. About 35 species of plains animals can be observed here including the “big five” elephant, rhino, lion (more than 2,000 of them), leopard and buffalo and huge herds of wildebeest, gazelle and zebra which in late May or early June, deepening on the weather, being their spectacular migration from the central plains to the permanent water in wildebeest up to 40km long have been observed. At the tail end of the procession, come the crippled and those too old keep up. Lions cheetah, hyena and hunting dog follow making sure that only the fittest survive while vultures circling overhead, wait patiently to scavenge. Other common species found in the Serengeti included hippo, giraffe, eland, impala, waterbuck, klipspringer, baboon – vervet and patas monkey, warthog, kongoni, topi and a rich selection of birdlife. Nearly 500 species of birds have been recorded in the park, some of them Eurasian migrants, which are present from October to April, Crocodiles can also observed in the rivers traversing the park.
MONDULI MOUNTAINS (2660 M)
The Monduli Mountains lie to the Northwest of Arusha. This small range appears low and unimpressive when viewed from the southern side, but on the northern side it has high peaks, step escarpments and some fine open ridges, which are ideal for walking. This is a good area to consider if you want to do something other than Kilimanjaro or Meru.
The Northern side of the range has some very contrasting landscapes within a fairly small area. On the lower slopes at about 1000 metres, the landscape is dry scrubland. On the middle slopes are Maasai settlements and a few small areas of cultivation, and the higher sections consist of open grassland or are covered in forest. The highest point of the range is the summit of Monduli Mountain itself (22660 metres). The west east through the middle of the range. From the high ground, you can get great views down into thee Rift Valley, and see the giant dome of Kitumbeini raising above the plains to the north, and sometimes the distant cone of Lengai, faint on the horizon.
PARE MOUNTAINS (2462M)
These mountains are separated from the eastern side slopes of the Mt. Kilimanjaro by a big valley. This valley reaches from the South of the Maasai Steppe, along Lake Jipe, which is the boundary of Kenya and Tanzania, East wards to Butu Valley and into the Mkomazi Game Reserve.
Thee Pare Mountains form a little crater called “Usangi Crater” being the name of the village, Usangi. A green Paradise where you can meet the local people like the Wapare, Wagnenne and the Masai, who occupy the lowlands of Kwakoa and the Mkomazi valley, Rounding of the rims of Kamwala. Kindoroko, Kimbale, Mbale, Mangatu, Varising and Kilomini forms the Usangi crater.
It is about 1 km wide and has a length of 4km. underground water from the mountains feeds the little swamp in the valley and thee people use the water for their farms where they grow rice, maize, sweet potatoes, red beans, bananas and also garcane for eating and for making Local brews/beers.
Many families have farms out the Usangi Crater, at the lowland of Butu, Kigonigoni and Kwakihindi, so they have to have up and down the rims over the rim every day, these lowlands are near the border of Lake Jipe and Kenya.
The lake is fed by the waters of the Usangi Crater rim and the Kindoroko Mountain (2113m), where Virisingi it forms Virisingi falls, and also Mala River, Kirurumo River to Lake Jipe. In the Kirurumo river are the Yefuka falls, the largest waterfall in this area/region. Kirurumo River means “The roaring river” and Yefuka falls means “The smoking falls” in the Pare tribe language
Beside the trails there is a forest with a rich wildlife, more than 100 species of birds have been identified as well as animals like baboons, blue monkeys, vervet monkeys, hyrax and sometimes dik-dik and bushbuck. Into the lowlands of Lake Jipe are baboons, vervet monkeys, impala, giraffe and hippos in the lake.
There are also many history places and beautiful areas that our guide will show and explain to you. On top of Goma Hill are used to hides by Pare tribe during the First World War (1914 – 1918). Besides the coves is a historic but it which all the skulls of thee chiefs who were killed in the war were put. Kilomini Mountain is a big steep rock used 100 years ago by Pare tribe for their traditional sacrifices, treatments and other beliefs.
MOUNT HANANG (3,417M)
Some 180km southwest of Arusha is Mt. Hanang. At 3417 metres (11,212feet) it is the fourth highest mountain in Tanzania. It is a grand volcanic cone, rising steeply above the surrounding plains, with an excellent trek to the summit hut. Very few visitors know of its existence.
LONGIDO MOUNTAIN (1600M)
Longido is situated 100 kilometers north of Arusha on the road to Namanga and Nairobi. The town of Longido lies on the main road, at the foot of Longido Mountain. The mountain rises up steeply from the plains and forms an important point of orientation for people from a wide area.
On the mountain and the surrounding plains, Maasai warriors wander with their cattle looking for pasture and water. Once a week cattle are headed to a crowded cattle market in Longido town. Maasai families live in the early morning, women leave the Boma to fetch water and collect firewood. Young children play around the mud houses and start at a very early age to take care of kids and lambs.
The area is live with colorful birds. The starling major, the red and yellow barbet, the masked weaver, the silver bill and the secretary bird are some of the more special species. Longido is further well known for the presence of rare mammals not often seen in the national parks. The plains and the slopes of the mountain form a refuge for gerenuk, lesser kudu and Klipspringer.
Other animals living aroung Longido include giraffes, zebra, gazelle, buffalo, mongoose and silver backed jackals. During the First World War, heavy fighting broke out in the area between the Germans and the British. A German hid safely behind a mysterious rock and killed many English soldiers until he was speared by a bribed Maasai Graves of English soldiers stand as reminders of this past.
This is a soda (saline) lake and the surrounding land is hot and dry, except for a few sports where clear springs of water, running underground from Oldeani, emerge by the lakeshore. The Hadza people or Watindiga a very ancient people who are believed to have lived her for over 10,000 years inhabits this area.
Their language is vaguely similar to that of the bush dwellers in Southern Africa. Also in this area are the Mbulu people, another old people (or Cushitic origin) having arrived in the area only about 2,000 years ago. This area is virtually unique as, with the Nilotic Maasai and various Bantu groups; it contains peoples from the 4 main language groups of East Africa.
It is a depression lake. The cliffs/walls, which are part of the East African Great Rift Valley, have caused the waters coming underground rocks of the valley to pass over the cliffs and forming the nice waterfalls, which are deposited in the Lake Natron. As a result, this lake has permanent water. The lake is an attraction of flamingoes, which live there. Visitors can view these waterfalls (it is possible to take shower there); flamingos make the lake to have colour of its kind.
COASTAL AND SOUTHERN CIRCUIT
DAR ES SALAAM
Dar es Salaam “Heaven of Peace” is one of the most informal and relaxed cities in the world. Essentially, it is African in character and an ideal centre for holidaying in Tanzania. Dar es Salaam is the starting point for Tanzania’s “Southern Circuit” embracing wildlife viewing in the Selous, Udzungwa Mt, Ruaha and Mikumi; beach holiday, big game fishing and visits to Zanzibar and Mafia Islands. Dar es Salaam is the country’s chief port and commercial centre. The bustling city offers spectacular sightseeing areas among which is traditional village museum. Away from the hustle and bustle of the sprawling city is a number of luxurious beach resorts known for their sumptuous seafood.
Strolling around Tanga, amid its deeply, semi-colonial atmosphere; you would hardly be aware that this is Tanzania’s 2nd largest seaport. However, it is a surprisingly large town, which sprawls well into the hinterland. It was founded by Germans in the late 19th century and is a centre for the export of sisal. Not many travelers come here, apart from those looking for a dhow to Pemba Island or heading north to Mombasa.
Nevertheless, Tanga is famous for its AMBONI CAVES, this is predominantly a limestone district, these caves are situated off the road to Lunga Lunga / Mombasa, are not too far from town.
Furthermore, there are the TONGONI RUINS, which are 20km South of Tanga on the Pangani Road. There is a long ruined mosque and more than 40tombs, the largest concentration of such tombs on the East African Coast. According to accounts, which came with the hands of the Portuguese when they first arrived at Kilwa in 1505. Both Kilwa and Tongoni were founded at the end of the 10th century by Ali bin Hassan, the son of Sultan Hassan of Shiraza in Persia.
Tanga region also is formed by PANGANI being one of the districts of Tanga. PANGANI is a small village north of Bagamoyo and some 50km South of Tanga. It is on a beautiful stretch of coast, with many reefs and islands offshore. At PANGANI you can do fishing trips to the reefs and snorkeling at the two islands of Mawe Mdogo and Mwamba Mawe, there is also a small marine park on the island of Maziwi and boat trips are possible to see the wildlife up the PANGANI river.
About 5km to the South, at Kaole, are ruins of coral mosque as well as graves and houses dating back to the late 13th century.
MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK
Situated some 300km southwest of Dar es Salaam, Mikumi National Park offers a wide variety of wildlife in its 3230sq.km area. Baboon, buffalo, colobus monkey, African hunting dog, eland, elephant, giraffe, hartebeest, hippo, leopard, lion, impala, sable antelope, warthog, waterbuck, wildebeest, zebra and the great kudu can be seen here. Over 300 species of birds have been observed in the park some of which are Eurasian migrants that are present from October to April, also reptiles including crocodile, monitor lizard and python are resident in Mikumi.
SELOUS GAME RESERVE
The Selous, occupying an enormous land area of 55,000sq.km is the largest Game reserve in Africa. The Reserve is one of African’s greatest wilderness, where the forest and bush are untamed and the animals unmolested by man. The Rufiji river system which flows through the reserve, flooding it during rainy season, further limits human trespass into this animal kingdom which boasts of over a million wild animals including some of the biggest population of elephants in the word.
Other species commonly see are lion, wild dog, buffalo, bushbuck, impala, warthog, leopard, hartebeest, rhino, sable antelope, reedbuck, waterbuck, giraffes, eland, baboon, zebra, greater kudu and the countless hippos and crocodiles, which flock the Rufiji River (the greatest in East Africa).
Walking safaris accompanied by an armed ranger can be organized together with game drives and boat trips. The Selous is inaccessible during the rainy season – March to May – due to floods and the best time to visit the reserve is from June to October.
RUAHA NATIONAL PARK
Covering 13,000Sq.km, this relatively new and undisturbed park is one of Tanzania’s largest elephants sanctuaries. Its name derives from the great Ruaha River, which flows along its entire eastern border creating spectacular gorges and scenery. Hippo, crocodile and fish inhabit the river.
The park is rich in all forms of wildlife except some of the typical plains animals such as Thomson’s gazelle, wildebeest and topi whose range does not extend into this area. On the other hand, both Grant’s gazelle and ostrich are found in the park as well as the rare greater and lesser kudu and the roan and sable antelope. The birdlife is very interesting and varied nad over 370 species have been recorded here some of which are not found in Northern Tanzania.
UDZUNGWA MOUNTAINS PARK
It is a recently established conversation area of about 1,900sq.km in the Iringa and Morogoro regions of South Central Tanzania. The Great Ruaha River to the north and the Mikumi-Ifakara road to the east border it. The major attractions of the park is its biodiversity and unique Udzungwa Forest where many rare plants not found anywhere else in the world have been discovered, from a tiny African violet to 30metre high trees. A part from being home to about six types of primates including 2 endemic species the Iringa red colobus monkey and the Sanje crested mangabey the plateau supports populations of elephant, buffalo, lion, leopard, and African rare hunting dog as well as species of forest birds, three of which, a sunbird, a cist cola and a weaver were only discovered in the last few years.
As well as the northern circuits, the island and Coastal Tanzania boasts a host of other attractions to create a really memorable holiday. There are for instance four other game reserves/parks to explore and two great lakes to visit.
GOMBE NATIONAL PARK
Found in the northwest 24km from Kigoma – western part of Tanzania. It is the smallest park in Tanzania covering only 52sq.km, but it offers visitors the chance to observe one of Africa’s rare chimpanzees. A number of monkey’s species can also be observed, red colobus, red tail and blue monkeys. The area is heavily forested. Walking safaris can also be done. Birds such as the blue – breasted kingfisher may be seen amongst the thick foliage, while other species can be observed at the lake Tanganyika shores.
KATAVI NATIONAL PARK
Main features of this park, located about 40km southeast of the town of Mpanda (Western Tanzania) are Lake Katavi, with its flood plain, the palm-fringed Lake Chada and the Katuma River. The park is noted for Miombo woodland scenery. Furthermore, it is the home of zebras, sable and roan antelope, leopard elephant, buffalo, lion and eland. Waterfowl abound Lake Chada is particularly rich in birdlife and is also known for its large concentration of crocodile.
MAHALE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK
Also dominated by chimpanzee. It is reached by boat from Kigoma (Western Tanzania). Occupying an area of 577sq.km, it’s western boundary is the shore of lake Tanganyika. The number of Chimpanzee is estimated to be 1,000, which can be seen in groups of 5-30 at a time in their natural habitat. To the north, elephants, buffalos, bush pigs, porcupine and a variety of other primates, notably baboons and colobus monkeys. Various antelope types including Kudu and eland as well as Lion and giraffe inhabit the woodland to the south.
RUBONDO ISLAND NATIONAL PARK
This is the only park found in the vast Lake Victoria (northwest Tanzania). The island provides a variety of habitats ranging from savannah to open woodland, from dense forest to papyrus swamps. Animal species found here include hippo crocodile, elephant, giraffe, bushbuck sitatunga and chimpanzee. Rubondo boasts a unique birdlife birds from cast, central and southern Africa flock to this co-called “Bird Island” to breed.
The source of the Nile eluded 19th century explorers, but today’s tourist can easily view the sources that supply it which is Lake Victoria. The Lake is the largest in Africa and the second largest fresh water in the world. The lake is situated northwest of Tanzania.
Found in the western part of Tanzania, the waters of this lake, the longest and second deepest freshwater lake in the world contains one of the richest concentrations of fish found anywhere. More than 250 different species dominate the Lake. It is worth staying up on a moonless night to watch the local fish catchers on the lake, who attract their catch by suspending lights over the bows of their boats.
Only 40 minutes flight south of Dar es Salaam is one of the most exciting big game fishing and diving location in the world. The virtually unfished waters off the island abound with a rich variety of fish tremendous size and weight, many of them being great fighters.
Catches include marlin, sailfish, shark, tunny, kingfish, barracuda, snapper, rock code, dolphin, horse mackerel, Wahoo, five fingered jack and fimbo. The main fishing season is from September to March although fishing is possible all year round inside the reef and channel.
Set like a jewel in tranquil coral waters only 20 minutes flight from Dar es Salaam is one fo he world’s most beautiful islands. Zanzibar, its name evokes a romantic past. To the shores of this island came Sumerians, Assyrians, Hindus, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Arabs, Chinese and Malays. From these shores the great European Explorers – Burton, Livingstone, Krapf, Rebman and Grant set out on their “Voyages of Discovery” into the hinterland. The different races that have settled in Zanzibar over the centuries have left impact on the people and the architecture. The House of Wonder (once the palace of the former Sultan) and the narrow streets of the old town are just some of the vivid reminders of the Island’s long and colored history.
While in Zanzibar the following are worth to visit:
One gets a comprehensive view of the Stone Town; its white washed buildings, teak doors, antique shops and bazaars. A stop is made in the central Market opened in 1904. Here there is a variety of fish and fruits from the island. The fish auction is interesting.
Proceed to the Zanzibar Museum, which dates back to 1925, where relics and documents of Sultans and early explorers, including Dr. Livingstone’s medicine chest are preserved.
The sight of the famous slave market, where the Anglican Church of Christ stands is the next stop; the cross in the Cathedral is made of timber form the tree where the heart of Dr. Livingstone is buried. Bishop Steer built the slave chambers, the place where the slaves were kept before auctioning. Here you see a building which during the first world war was used to shelter the German Embassy, besides this building stands the African House Hotel, formerly an English club, with Tipu Tipu house just to it’s side.
Moving along the sea front one encounters the Tower of Beit-el-Ajaib (the House of Wonders), an imposing structure along the sea front built by Sultan Seyyid Bargash (1870 – 1888) for ceremonial purpose. A stop is made at the old Arab Fort built in 1700 and the Peoples Palace, which had been, used by the Sultan from 1911 – 1964.
Proceed to the “Maruhubi Palace” ruins built again Sultan Bargash (1870 – 1888) for his 99 Concubines. The Palace however, was burnt down accidently in 1899. One will also visit the home of Dr. Livingstone, which was also, his expeditions starting point.
Zanzibar is also as the “Island of Spices” This tour will take you to the countryside about eighteen (18) kilometers from Stone Town where you visit various small farms, smell and taste a variety of seasonal tropical fruits and spices. Some examples are:- the star fruit, mangoes, mabungos, pineapples, leeches, dorian, jackfruit etc. seasonal fruits are always available for tasting. Some of the spices include cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, cinnamon, black peeper, carambola etc on our way we get to see the lodine trees, lemon grass and the henna bushes etc. During the tour we will also visit the Persian Baths.
Fuji Beach is the next stop where one relaxes for refreshments. On the way back to Town we visit the Marubuhi Palace Ruins.
On the West Coast of Zanzibar lays a couple of small Islands – Grave, Bawe Snake and Prison Island (Tortoise Island) Prisons Island, now called Changuu Island, is a half an hour boat ride away. Its main attraction is Giant tortoise and beautiful Peacocks that inhibit the area, as well as the Prisons Ruins, which were built in 1893. Here you can spend a lot of time swimming, snorkeling and wind surfing in the crystal blue waters or sun bathing and relaxing on the unspoiled white sandy beaches. During the low tide water level can be low, which exhibits some superb scenario for the snorkeler. A self-walking safari, which covers the Island, shouldn’t last you more than 15 minutes.
Prisons Island has some history behind it, today the island has a small tourist resort where one can spend a couple of nights, having fun with the giant tortoises.
NORTH – EAST – SOUTH COASTS
This takes you to one of the best beaches about fifty six (56) kilometers from the Town on the Eastern Coast of Zanzibar where soft white and surrounded by palm trees and beautifully coral reefs are at Nungwi, Matemwe, Kiwengwa, Uroa, Bwejuu, Paje and Jambiani.
Adding to the main activities at the East Coast, which is swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving and sunbathing, the journey to and from is accompanied by scenery that is more than soothing to the eye.
If visiting the beaches of either Bwejuu, Paje or Jambiani, on our way back up Town, a stop is made over at the Jozani Forest where one will have an opportunity of viewing the red colobus monkeys a rare species only found in Zanzibar.
The nature reserve is in the south-East of the island covering four hundred eighty four (484) acres adjoins a forest of one thousand live hundred (1500) acres. The high humidity encourages high dense tropical vegetation, which include Alexandrian Laurel, Screw pine, eucalyptus, palms, figs, tall grass and ferns. This beautiful forest inhabits the remaining of the Kirk’s colobus monkeys.